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Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is a common condition that affects the inner ear and causes dizziness and vertigo. One of the most unique things about this particular type of vertigo is that it is brought on by specific head movements and positions. This might sound like a minor issue, but sufferers often describe the sensation as incredibly intense, creating feelings of nausea, spinning, and disorientation.

typical causes:

There are several typical causes of BPPV, including neck strain or injury,  sudden head traumas, viral infections, or even aging. The condition occurs when tiny calcium carbonate crystals within the ear loosen and then move into the ear’s semicircular canals, where they can interfere with the inner ear’s balance system. The resulting symptoms can last from just a few seconds to several minutes and can include dizziness, vertigo, nausea, and a feeling of being off-balance.

how physical therapy can help:

Physical therapy can help manage and even resolve this condition. Through a series of exercises and movements, physical therapists can guide patients to reposition the calcium crystals in their inner ear, which are often the root cause of BPPV. A physical therapist can also assess and address if neck dysfunction is causing or contributing to dizziness. By working with a physical therapist, patients with BPPV can successfully improve their balance and alleviate their symptoms, allowing them to regain confidence and mobility in their daily lives.

Ready to get moving? Contact us today to schedule an assessment.


Because symptoms may result from different causes, it is recommended you consult a physical therapist or physician before starting a particular intervention.


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