Lumbar operations are typically necessitated by conditions that cause persistent lower back pain that do not respond to conservative treatments. These include herniated discs, where the soft center of a spinal disc pushes through a crack in the tougher exterior casing, and spinal stenosis, a narrowing of the space for your spinal cord and nerves in the spine. Other indications for surgery include spondylolisthesis (a slipped vertebral body), degenerative disc disease (breakdown of spinal discs), and fractures or injuries to the spine. In certain cases, operations are required to remove tumors from the lumbar spine.
how physical therapy can help:
Physical therapy plays a vital role in post-operative lumbar care. It aids in restoring mobility, reducing pain, and enhancing strength with the goal of having the individual return to completing daily tasks without pain or difficulty. Movement and lifting restrictions are typically present following a lumbar surgery. A physical therapist will help the individual navigate these precautions and teach the patient strategies to safely move during those early stages. Physical therapy is instrumental in facilitating safe and efficient recovery after lumbar surgery.
exercises that may help reduce pain:
If you experience more pain with these exercises, hold off from that particular movement.
Restrict Bending, Lifting and Twisting (BLT) – A common restriction immediately following a number of lumbar surgeries is no bending, no lifting, and no twisting. Patients should ask their surgeon about any restrictions. Those restrictions should stay in place until the surgeon has cleared them.
Marching in Supine Position with Abdominal Bracing – Engage your core muscles and ensure you maintain this engagement throughout the exercise. An emphasis can be placed on keeping your back flush with the table or floor during the activity. The aim is to move your lower extremities in a slow marching-like motion.
Perform this exercise in 2-3 sets each containing 15-20 repetitions.
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